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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-97
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-97
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: regular paper 06 Aug 2019

Submitted as: regular paper | 06 Aug 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO).

Historical Aurora Borealis Observations in Anatolia during medieval period: Implications for the past solar activity

Nafiz Maden Nafiz Maden
  • Department of Geophysics, Gümüşhane University, TR-29100 Gümüşhane, Turkey

Abstract. In this paper, it is reviewed the relationships between the aurora observations, past solar activity and climatic change in Anatolia during medieval period. For this purpose, it is presented two historical aurora catalogs for Anatolia and Middle East regions at various dates in order to understand the past solar activity and possible physical mechanism using historical texts, chronicles and other auroral records. The available catalogs in literature are covered records observed in the Europe, Japan, China, Russia and Middle East. There is no study dealing only with the historical aurora observations recorded in Anatolia. The data of the catalog strongly support that there is a considerable relationship between the aurora activity and past strong solar activity. An unusually high auroral activity during the years around 1100 in Anatolia and Middle East is quite consistent with the past solar variability, geomagnetic field intensity and planetary climatic changes drastically impacting on the economy and human events.

Nafiz Maden
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Nafiz Maden
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Short summary
It is presented two historical aurora catalogs for Anatolia and Middle East regions at various dates to understand the past solar activity and possible physical mechanism using historical texts, chronicles and other auroral records. An unusually high auroral activity during the years around 1100 in Anatolia and Middle East is quite consistent with the past solar variability, geomagnetic field intensity and planetary climatic changes drastically impacting on the economy and human events.
It is presented two historical aurora catalogs for Anatolia and Middle East regions at various...
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