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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-79
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-79
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: regular paper 31 Jul 2019

Submitted as: regular paper | 31 Jul 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO).

Global TEC prediction performance assessment of IRI-2016 model based on EOF decomposition

Shuhui Li1,2, Jiajia Xu1, Houxiang Zhou1, Jinglei Zhang1, Zeyuan Xu1, and Mingqiang Xie1 Shuhui Li et al.
  • 1School of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
  • 2Shanxi Key Laboratory of Resources, Environment and Disaster Monitoring, Jinzhong 221116, China

Abstract. In this study, the empirical orthogonal function (EOF) decomposition technique was utilized to analyze the similarities and differences of the spatiotemporal characteristics between the total electron content (TEC) of the International GNSS Service global ionospheric map (GIM) and that derived from the International Reference Ionosphere 2016 (IRI-2016) model in 2013. Results showed that the main spatial patterns and time-varying features of the data set have good consistency. The following four main spatiotemporal variation features can be extracted from both data sets through EOF decomposition: the variation with the geomagnetic latitude reflecting the daily averaged solar forcing, the diurnal and semidiurnal periodic changes with longitude due to local time, and the interhemispheric asymmetry caused by the annual variation of the inclination angle of the Earth's orbit. The differences between the spatial patterns represented by the EOF base functions of IRI-2016 and GIM TECs were analyzed by extracting the same time-varying coefficients. The deviations of the interhemispheric asymmetry component between the two data sets showed roughly equal values throughout the Southern or Northern Hemisphere, whereas those of the other spatial modes were mainly concentrated on the equatorial region. The differences of the time-varying characteristics between the IRI-2016 and GIM TECs were also compared by extracting the same EOF base functions. Although the EOF coefficients of the two data sets presented consistent seasonal variations, the magnitude of IRI-2016 TEC changes over time was less than that of GIM TEC. The diurnal variation of the daily averaged solar forcing component and the annual variation of the interhemispheric asymmetry component exhibited relatively large deviations between the two data sets. Considering the variance contribution of the different EOF components and their average relative deviations, both analyses showed that the daily averaged solar forcing and interhemispheric asymmetry components were the main factors for the deviation between the IRI-2016 and GIM TECs.

Shuhui Li et al.
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Short summary
The empirical orthogonal function (EOF) decomposition was utilized to analyze the similarities and differences of the spatiotemporal characteristics between the GIM-TEC and IRI-TEC at a global scale. We combined the IRI-TEC and GIM-TEC data to form a whole data set for EOF decomposition and compared the two data sets. Results show that the daily averaged solar forcing and interhemispheric asymmetry components were the main factors for the deviation between the IRI-2016 and GIM TECs.
The empirical orthogonal function (EOF) decomposition was utilized to analyze the similarities...
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