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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-63
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-63
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Regular paper 29 Apr 2019

Regular paper | 29 Apr 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. A revision of this manuscript was accepted for the journal Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO) and is expected to appear here in due course.

A case study of the large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances in the East Asian sector during the 2015 St. Patrick’s Day geomagnetic storm

Jing Liu1, Dong-He Zhang1, Anthea J. Coster2, Shun-Rong Zhang2, Guan-Yi Ma3, Yong-Qiang Hao1, and Zuo Xiao1 Jing Liu et al.
  • 1Department of Geophysics, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China
  • 2MIT Haystack Observatory, Westford, Massachusetts, USA
  • 3National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Abstract. This study gives the first observation of the large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (LSTIDs) in the East Asian sector during the 2015 St. Patrick’s Day (March 17, 2015) geomagnetic storm. For the first time, 3 dense networks of GPS receivers in China and Japan are combined together to obtain the 2-dimensional (2D) vertical total electron content (VTEC) perturbation maps in a wider longitudinal range than previous works in this region. Results show that a negative LSTID spanning at least 60° in longitude (80° E–140° E) occurs and propagating from high to lower latitudes around 09:40–11:20 UT. It is followed by a positive LSTID which shows a tendency of dissipation starting from the East side. The manifestation of the 2D VTEC perturbation maps is in good agreement with the recordings from 2 high-frequency Doppler shift stations and the iso-frequency lines from 8 ionosondes. Then, the propagation parameters of the LSTIDs are estimated by applying least square fitting methods to the distinct structures in the 2D VTEC perturbation plots. In general, the propagation parameters are observably longitudinal dependent. For example, the propagation direction is almost due southward between 105° E–115° E, while it is slightly South by West/East in the West/East side of this region. This feature is probably related to the regional geomagnetic declination. The mean values of the period, trough velocity (Vt), crest velocity (Vc), and wavelength of the wavelike LSTIDs in the studied longitudinal bands are 74.8 ± 1.4 minutes, 578 ± 16 m/s, 617 ± 23 m/s, and 2691 ± 80 km, respectively. Finally, using the VTEC map data from the Madrigal database of the MIT Haystack Observatory, the characteristics of the ionospheric disturbances over the European sector (30° N–70° N, 10° E–20° E) are also studied. The results are very different from those in the East Asian sector in parameters like the occurrence time, oscillation period, and propagation velocities.

Jing Liu et al.
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Jing Liu et al.
Jing Liu et al.
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