Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 1.621 IF 1.621
  • IF 5-year value: 1.614 IF 5-year
  • CiteScore value: 1.61 CiteScore
  • SNIP value: 0.900 SNIP 0.900
  • IPP value: 1.58 IPP 1.58
  • SJR value: 0.910 SJR 0.910
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 80 Scimago H
    index 80
  • h5-index value: 24 h5-index 24
Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Regular paper 15 Apr 2019

Regular paper | 15 Apr 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO).

Investigation of Effects of Coronal Mass Ejections on Ionospheric Total Electron Content over Nsukka, South Eastern Nigeria

Esther A. Hanson1,2, F. Nneka Okeke1, and Kingsley Okpala1 Esther A. Hanson et al.
  • 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, Universityof Nigeria, Nsukka, 410001, Nigeria
  • 2Advanced Space Technology Applications Laboratory, University of Uyo, Uyo, 520271, Nigeria

Abstract. In this work, we attempted to investigate the contributions and effects of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) on total electron content (TEC) in the ionosphere of an equatorial station, Nsukka (Lat. 6.86N; Long 7.38E) located in South Eastern Nigeria. Using TEC data recorded by the Global Positioning System (GPS) of the Air Force Research Laboratory, USA, and CME data obtained from the USA owned Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) satellite, we calculated the variation of TEC in the solar maximum year 2012, and observed regular, Gaussian distribution of TEC during geomagnetic solar quiet (Sq) days. On days associated with CME events, TEC variations assumed very sporadic patterns; maximized quite early during geomagnetic disturbed days and peaked at later hours during quiet days. The ionospheric electron contents are generally very low at both pre-noon and nighttime hours but quite high at noon and post-noon hours. This pattern of TEC variation is due to fluctuation in solar radiations incident on earth’s equatorial ionosphere. During quiet periods the number of free electrons generated is smaller in comparison to that generated during disturbed times, which shows a positive contribution of CMEs to TEC profile. TEC profiles for days categorized as neither disturbed nor quiet are synonymous to TEC curves on quiet days. There is significant time-variance in peak-time of TEC between disturbed and quiet days. TEC maximized quit earlier on disturbed days, implying increased influx of charged particles into the ionosphere due to the prevailing CME events. These results can contribute as input to the ionospheric monitoring and forecasting for the equatorial region of South Eastern Nigeria.

Esther A. Hanson et al.
Interactive discussion
Status: open (until 21 Jun 2019)
Status: open (until 21 Jun 2019)
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
[Subscribe to comment alert] Printer-friendly Version - Printer-friendly version Supplement - Supplement
Esther A. Hanson et al.
Esther A. Hanson et al.
Total article views: 152 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
116 33 3 152 2 3
  • HTML: 116
  • PDF: 33
  • XML: 3
  • Total: 152
  • BibTeX: 2
  • EndNote: 3
Views and downloads (calculated since 15 Apr 2019)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 15 Apr 2019)
Viewed (geographical distribution)  
Total article views: 137 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 135 with geography defined and 2 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
No saved metrics found.
No discussed metrics found.
Latest update: 19 Jun 2019
Publications Copernicus