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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-36
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-36
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Regular paper 25 Mar 2019

Regular paper | 25 Mar 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO).

Impact of Gravity wave drag on the thermospheric circulation: Implementation of a nonlinear gravity wave parameterization in a whole atmosphere model

Yasunobu Miyoshi1 and Erdal Yiğit2 Yasunobu Miyoshi and Erdal Yiğit
  • 1Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
  • 2Department of Physics and Astronomy, Space Weather Lab, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA

Abstract. To investigate the effects of the gravity wave (GW) drag on the general circulation in the thermosphere, a nonlinear GW parameterization that estimates the GW drag in the whole atmosphere system is implemented in a whole atmosphere general circulation model (GCM). Comparing the simulation results obtained with the whole atmosphere scheme with the ones obtained with a conventional linear scheme, we study the GW effects on the thermospheric dynamics for solstice conditions. The GW drag significantly decelerates the mean zonal wind in the thermosphere. The GWs attenuate the migrating semidiurnal solar tide (SW2) amplitude in the lower thermosphere, and modifies the latitudinal structure of the SW2 above 150 km height. The SW2 simulated by the GCM based on the nonlinear whole atmosphere scheme agrees well with the observed SW2. The GW drag in the lower thermosphere has zonal wavenumber 2 and semidiurnal variation, while the GW drag above 150 km height is enhanced in high latitude. The GW drag in the thermosphere is a significant dynamical and plays an important role in the momentum budget of the thermosphere. Therefore, a GW parameterization accounting for thermospheric processes is essential for coarse-grid whole atmosphere GCMs in order to more realistically simulate the atmosphere-ionosphere system.

Yasunobu Miyoshi and Erdal Yiğit
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Yasunobu Miyoshi and Erdal Yiğit
Yasunobu Miyoshi and Erdal Yiğit
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