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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-128
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2019-128
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: regular paper 09 Sep 2019

Submitted as: regular paper | 09 Sep 2019

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO).

A case study of the day-to-day occurrence of plasma irregularities in low-latitude ionosphere from multi-satellite observations

Weihua Luo1, Chao Xiong2, Zhengping Zhu1, Shanshan Chang1, and Xiao Yu3 Weihua Luo et al.
  • 1College of Electronic and Information Engineer, South-Central University for Nationalities, 430074 Wuhan, China
  • 2Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany
  • 3China Research Institute of Radiowave Propagation, Qingdao, China

Abstract. Day-to-day variability of the occurrence of plasma irregularities in low-latitude ionosphere is still an open issue. In this study, we report the occurrence of post-sunset plasma bubbles and blobs detected by the First satellite of the Republic of China (ROCSAT-1) in the same longitude sector (170° E) on two successive days, under geomagnetically quiet and disturbed conditions, respectively. Multi-Low Earth orbit (LEO) missions, like the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) F13 and F15, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) and the Challenging Mini-satellite Payload (CHAMP) satellites are used to study the preferable conditions for the occurrence of plasma bubbles and blobs. The observations from the CHAMP and GRACE show that the Equatorial Ionization Anomaly (EIA) was enhanced significantly before the occurrence of plasma irregularities on both two successive days. We suggest that the enhancement of post-sunset eastward electric field is the most important factor for the day-to-day development of the plasma irregularity in equatorial and low-latitude ionosphere. In addition, the meridional neutral wind plays an important role in the occurrence of low-latitude plasma blobs.

Weihua Luo et al.
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Short summary
The plasma bubbles and blobs were recorded on two successive days. The interesting is that one of the event occured in a quiet day, and the other in the main phase of a storm. The latitudinal variations of electron density at low- and middle ionosphere were used to analyze the physical factors leading to the variations in the F region and the occurrence of plasma bubbles and blobs. The work would help to understand the dominant factor accounting for the day-to-day occurrence of irregularities.
The plasma bubbles and blobs were recorded on two successive days. The interesting is that one...
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