Journal cover Journal topic
Annales Geophysicae Sun, Earth, planets, and planetary systems An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2018-32
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Regular paper
23 Apr 2018
Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO).
Meteor echo height ceiling effect and the mesospheric temperature estimation from meteor radar observation
Changsup Lee, Geonhwa Jee, Jeong-Han Kim, and In-Sun Song Polar Climate Sciences Research, Korea Polar Research Institute, Incheon, 21990, South Korea
Abstract. The mesospheric temperature estimation from meteor height distribution is reevaluated by using the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) and the King Sejong Station meteor radar observations. It is found that the experimentally determined proportionality constant between the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the meteor height distribution and temperature is in remarkable agreement with theoretical value derived from the physics-based equation and it is nearly time-invariant for the entire observation period of 2012–2016. Furthermore, we newly found that the FWHM provides the best estimate of temperature at slightly lower height than the meteor peak height (MPH) by about 2–3 km. This is related to the asymmetric distribution of meteor echoes around MPH, which is known to be caused by the meteor echo height ceiling effect (MHC). At higher altitude above MPH, the meteor detection rate is greatly reduced due to the MHC and the cutoff height for this reduction follows a fixed molecular mean free path of the background atmosphere. This result indicates that the meteor height distribution can be used to estimate the mesospheric temperature even under the asymmetric meteor echo distribution caused by the MHC at high altitude.
Citation: Lee, C., Jee, G., Kim, J.-H., and Song, I.-S.: Meteor echo height ceiling effect and the mesospheric temperature estimation from meteor radar observation, Ann. Geophys. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/angeo-2018-32, in review, 2018.
Changsup Lee et al.
Changsup Lee et al.
Changsup Lee et al.

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Short summary
This study shows the width of the meteor height distribution (FWHM) is well correlated with the atmospheric pressure not only experimentally but theoretically. From the correlation analysis, we newly found that the FWHM provides best estimation of the temperature at the height layer below the meteor peak height by 2–3 km. We also proved a meteor echo height ceiling effect (MHC) is primarily controlled by the atmospheric condition and this enables the FWHM to estimate the temperature accurately.
This study shows the width of the meteor height distribution (FWHM) is well correlated with the...
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