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Annales Geophysicae An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Discussion papers
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Regular paper 22 Nov 2018

Regular paper | 22 Nov 2018

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This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO).

Magnetic dipolarizations inside geosynchronous orbit with tailward ions flow

Xiaoying Sun1,2, Weining William Liu1, and Suping Duan1 Xiaoying Sun et al.
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Space Weather, National Space Science Center (NSSC), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing, 100190, China
  • 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China

Abstract. Electromagnetic field and plasma data from the Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions duringSubstorms (THEMIS) near-Earth probes are used to investigate magnetic dipolarizations inside geosynchronous orbit on 27 August 2014 during an intense substorm with AEmax ~ 1000 nT. THEMIS-D (TH-D) was located inside geosynchronous orbit around midnight in the interval from 09:25 UT to 09:55 UT. During this period two distinct magnetic dipolarizations with tailward ions flow are observed by TH-D. The first one is displayed by magnetic elevation angle increase from 15 degree to 25 degree around 09:30:40 UT. The tailward perpendicular velocity is V⟂x ~ −50 km/s. The second one is presented by the elevation angle increase from 25 degree to 45 degree around 09:36 UT. And the tailward perpendicular velocity is V⟂x ~ −70 km/s. These two significant dipolarizations are accompanied with the sharp increase in the energy flux of energetic electron inside geosynchronous. After 5 min expanding of near-Earth plasma sheet (NEPS), THEMIS-E (TH-E) located outside geosynchronous orbit also detects this tailward expanding plasma sheet with ion flow −150 km/s. The dipolarization propagates tailward with speed −47 km/s, along 2.2 RE distance in the X direction between TH-D and TH-E within 5 min. These dipolarizations with tailward ions flow observed inside geosynchronous orbit indicate new energy transfer path in the inner magnetosphere during substorms.

Xiaoying Sun et al.
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Xiaoying Sun et al.
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